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英語篇 #8 疫情相關的英文用語

2022-07-24

英語篇 #8 疫情相關的英文用語

2022-07-24
Pandemic/ Testing

疫情 pandemic (n)
Pandemic vs epidemic?
- An epidemic(n/adj 疾病的)流行 involves the wide-ranging spread of a disease throughout an entire area or particular community where it’s not permanently prevalent.
- A pandemic 大流行病 involves an even wider spread, often reaching across the entire world.
- The word endemic (adj: 在某地或某些人中)特有的,流行的 is used to describe a disease that persistently and regularly spreads within a particular area or region (that is, it never fully goes away)—for example, the flu is considered endemic in many places.
- The COVID-19 virus is not yet considered endemic, but medical experts expect that it eventually will become endemic.

Pandemic Prevention
From the experience of SARS, Hong Kong people geared up quickly and put on their masks.
- Gear up 準備 (phrasal verb)
- 吸取左SARS 嘅經驗 We’ve learned from SARS.
- So I think Hong Kong people did a great job in pandemic prevention.
- 防疫措施 - epidemic prevention measure/ pandemic prevention/ anti-epidemic measures
You may not hear people say the full name “COVID-19” anymore.
美國 anti-mask movement
Coronavirus funny story
- A beer company (Corxxx)’s page received a bunch of comments from people who asked if they could drink their beer to cure the virus. cure - 治癒,治好

Travel/ Quarantine
Do you have any travel plans?
A lot of my friends can’t take it anymore. When the government reduced the quarantine requirement to one week, a few of my friends immediately bought tickets to go somewhere.
Quarantine 隔離檢疫
Quarantine 隔離檢疫 vs isolation 隔離/分離/孤獨
- The prisoner has been kept in isolation for three days.這個犯人已被隔離三天了
- Isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick.
- Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.


Vaccination
- I have received the third dose of the COVID vaccine already.
- I have received three doses already.

1. Vaccine 疫苗 vs vaccination 疫苗接種?
- A vaccine is a fluid they inject into you.
- A vaccination is a shot that you get. It’s the introduction of the vaccine into your body.

2. 普通打針 - shot / jab / injection
3. Which vaccine did you take? BioNTech / Sinovac

安心出行/ Testing

4. It is now mandatory to scan the “Leave Home Safe” app.
- Besides scanning the app, we also need to scan our vaccination records because of the Vaccine Pass scheme.
- Vaccine Pass - 疫苗通行證

5. Do you test yourself for COVID regularly?

- rapid antigen test (RAT) - 快速抗原測試
- RAT - designed to directly detect virus proteins (antigens) in respiratory specimens.
- 自願測試/ 檢測 voluntary testing
- 核酸檢測 nucleic acid test
You need to go to a community testing center to take this test.

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